Fisheries are an important source of food, income and cultural identity for Caribbean communities. While reef fisheries in the Caribbean are frequently over-exploited, offshore pelagic resources also targeted by the US sport-fishing industry may generate alternative economic benefits and divert pressure from reefs. Key to the efficient harvesting of thinly-distributed pelagic fish is the use of fish aggregation devices (FADs). Traditionally, FADs were deployed by individuals or close-knit groups of fishers. Recently, governments have deployed public FADs accessible to all. There is concern that public FADs are exploited less efficiently and produce conflicts related to crowding and misuse.
In partnership with Counterpart International, the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism and the Dominica and St. Vincent and the Grenadines Fisheries Divisions, Florida Sea Grant collected information from fishermen on their use of FADs that were deployed privately, by small groups or by the government. This allowed for a determination of governance arrangements that were most profitable and provided input to stakeholder meetings with FAD fishers to identify best practices for sustainably using and co-managing FADs.
The fishing trip analysis shows that catch and profitability are higher when FADs are managed privately or by small groups and access to the aggregated fisheries resources is somewhat restricted. An engagement strategy that introduced an activity planner as a best practice to increase information sharing helped strengthen the rapport between government and fisheries stakeholders. Study results are helping shape regional implementation of policy, which favors FADs co-managed by fishers and government, but can benefit from positive aspects of FADs managed privately or by small groups.
The Fisherfolk of Bottle and Glass village in Barrouallie, St. Vincent and the Grenadines will soon be able to catch more fish, faster than before and using less gas. This will be made possible by the placing of ‘shelters’ called Fish Aggregating Devices or FADs in the ocean. Fish are attracted to these floating structures or FADs and as they gather around them, the fishermen would find it easier to catch them. Fish that can be caught around FADs include mahi mahi, wahoo, marlin, swordfish, skipjacks, dolphin and tuna.
The FADs are being developed and placed by the Caribbean Fisheries Comanagement (CARIFICO) Project which is being funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in partnership with the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) and the Fisheries Division in the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Transformation, Forestry, Fisheries and Industry.
On Thursday, 3rd April 2014, a Fishers Consultation was held at the Barrouallie Fisheries Centre with a team of stakeholders as well as Japanese experts Mr. Nariaki Mikuni and Mr. Mitsuhiro Ishida. Mr. Travon Ferary, Fisheries Assistant, welcomed the group of about twelve fishermen and introduced Mr. Ishida who made a presentation on the construction of the FAD, materials to be used and methods of deployment, illustrated by colour photographs and diagrams. He emphasized the importance of choosing a good location and depth to place the FAD; where the maximum amount of fish would gather.
The fishermen requested assistance from the Fisheries Division in choosing the best site and arrangements were made for staff to accompany the fishermen out to sea the following day. Interest in the Project is low at present, but it is hoped that the fishers who were present at the meeting would spread the word about the benefits of using a FAD. In his remarks, Mr. Mikuni appealed to the fishermen to encourage their friends to participate in the Project because the FAD will belong to them and would benefit the entire fishing community, bring more income and a better way of life for the fishers and their families.
In conclusion, the local fishermen were advised to work along with Mr. Shamal Connell, the CARIFICO Liaison Officer for the west coast and in a spirit of unity for the success of the CARIFICO Project in St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
|2013||CRFM||REPORT OF CRFM - JICA CARIFICO / WECAFC - IFREMER MAGDELESA Workshop on FAD Fishery Management|
|2013||M. Haughton||Opening Remarks - Milton Haughton, Executive Director|
|2013||CRFM||Draft Agenda CARIFICO Workshop 9-11 Dec 2013|
|2013||CRFM||Information Note (Revised) CARIFICO Workshop|
|2013||CRFM||Press Release 1|
|2013||S. Singh-Renton||Recent Policy Developments of Relevance to FADs|
|2013||P.A. Murray||Introduction to the CRFM Website and Collaboration Tools|
|2013||R. van Anrooy||UN-FAO/WECAFC: Latest Developments and the 15th Session|
|2013||L. Walker||CLME+ Project Update: Next Steps|
|2013||C. Sidman||Testing an Engagement Strategy to Support Co-management of FAD|
|2013||H. Oxenford||UWI Research and Training Activities Relevant to FADs|
|2013||M. Ishida||JICA Activities for the Profitability and Sustainability of FAD Fisheries|
|2013||N. Mikuni||Design of FAD, CARIFICO|
|2013||M. Ishida||CARIFICO Approach to Co-management|
|2013||M. Vargas||Belize Country Report|
|2013||H. Simon||Antigua and Barbuda Report|
|2013||J. DeFoe||Dominica Country Report|
|2013||F. Calliste||Grenada Country Report|
|2013||B. Chauvet||Haiti Country Report|
|2013||K. Frangoudes||Martinique Country Report|
|2013||S. Heyliger||St. Kitts and Nevis Country Report|
|2013||S. Ferrari||St. Lucia Country Report|
|2013||H. Johnson||St. Vincent and the Grenadines Country Report|
|2013||M. Wirjodirjo||Suriname Country Report|
|2013||R. Redman||Trinidad and Tobago Country Report|
|2013||R. Hensen||Caribbean Netherlands, with emphasis on St. Eustatius|
|2013||P. Gervain||FADs Construction. The Basic Rules (Design and Modeling of FADs)|
|2013||L. Reynal||The Currents in the Region and the use of FADs (FAD Construction)|
|2013||Y. Le Roi||Analysis of Work and of Safety Conditions in Anchored FAD Fishing|
|2013||L. Reynal||Objectives and Status of MAGDELESA Project|
|2013||H. Mathieu||Small Scale FAD Fisheries, Fishing Behavior and Incentives|
|2013||K. Frangoudes||FAD Management System in Martinique and Guadeloupe|
|2013||H. Mathieu||Different Means of Contributing to FADs Fishing Selectivity|
|2013||J. Timor||Who is the FAD Fisher in Martinique|
|2013||C. Pau||Reproduction of Blackfin Tuna: Preliminary Results|
|2013||L. Reynal||FAD Fishing with "Bois fouille" at Leogane (Haiti)|
|2013||S. Eugene||Quality of FAD Fishing products (Preliminary results on quality; Protocol on Studies by the PARM)|
|2013||E. Mohammed||Present Status of Fish Resources Caught in Association with Fish Attraction Devices (FADs) and their Management|
|2013||S. Singh-Renton||An Overview of sub-regional fisheries management plan for Blackfin tuna fisheries in the Eastern Caribbean|
|2013||L. Reynal||The Transformation of the IFREMER/WECAFC Working Group on FADs into a joint JICA/IFREMER/CRFM/WECAFC Working Group on FADs|
|2013||CRFM||Photo of Participants|
|2013||CRFM||Press Release # 2|